|Institute for Clean Energy Technology|
ORGANIZATION & BACKGROUND
The Institute for Clean Energy Technology (ICET, formerly the Diagnostic Instrumentation and Analysis Laboratory, DIAL) at Mississippi State University has been providing services to the Department of Energy's Office of Sciences and Technology in support of their environmental development program since 1993. These services include development of continuous emission monitors, process monitors, and optimization of processes and equipment for the Mixed Waste Clean-Up Program.
ICET has operated a combustion test facility since the mid 1970's and has operated a plasma torch facility since the mid 1980's. These facilities have been used for testing high temperature materials, simulation of the off-gas streams from several thermal processes, testing of air pollution control devices, vitrification of surrogate waste streams, support of diagnostic instrument development, and to provide data for modeling process flows.
The research services now being provided to DOE's Office of Sciences and Technology are a natural extension of the services ICET has provided for more than 20 years for the Department of Energy. The Department of Energy's Waste Management personnel require that technologies be tested as an integrated system with surrogate waste materials to verify performance before installation in the field; ICET makes these services available at a cost less than half that of the national labs, making it more cost effective to perform the required tests and operations.
ICET's efforts encompass a broad spectrum of testing activities consistent with DOE's hazardous and radioactive waste cleanup programs. Comprehensive, flexible, non-biased testing and validation of state-of-the-art environmental technologies are provided in order to address the effectiveness and reliability of the technologies and concerns of DOE and the public. The testing helps provide the basis for DOE's decisions on integrating them.
ICET research professionals utilize a flexible, modular, off-gas system for performance testing with well characterized gas stream environments. The major testing areas encompass air pollution control systems (APCS), partitioning studies, continuous emission monitors (CEMs), and process monitors (PMs). An extremely important and critical element of the integrated APCS testing involves the evaluation of the effectiveness of CEMs and/or PMs and sensors for process control and monitoring to provide real time off-gas component performance, early alert of potential problems, stable operating conditions, and adequate control of emissions. These efforts play a critical role in providing options for divert-and-treat strategies, and the basis to prevent catastrophic failure and thereby provide safe, effective and clean operations of the integrated radioactive treatment process.
ICET's multidisciplinary staff can test a wide variety of technologies either in their facilities, or at the customer's location. ICET, in its new 55,000-square-foot building, has the ability to determine the performance of most high temperature technologies with its combustion test stand and its induction and plasma melters. Partnerships have been formed with other units within the university, as well as with other organizations with testing capabilities, to expand the range of technologies which ICET can test. Within the university, the Water Resources Research Institute provides the capabilities for testing surface water quality sampling and monitoring systems. ICET has access to Florida International University's test bed for nuclear decontamination technologies. ICET has reached agreement with the U. S. Department of Energy to use the Three Rivers Landfill at Savannah River as a test bed for landfill remediation technologies. ICET also has agreements with the USGS' Hydrologic Instrumentation Facility and with the Army Corps of Engineers' Waterways Experiment Station to use their testing facilities for technologies relating to ground water and soil sampling and analysis.
ICET'S OPERATIONAL ADVANTAGES
Organizations are turning to ICET for testing because they understand that its flat organizational structure and autonomous role in the university setting gives it the ability to respond to changing needs in a rapid and cost effective manner. ICET's costs are one-third to one-half those of many other national organizations which test technologies. ICET's unitary management structure enables it to rapidly orient resources wherever they are needed. The open access implicit in ICET's university affiliation also enhances its ability to bring developers, users, and stakeholders together in a neutral setting. This is often a major problem at DOE facilities, where developers can have difficulty gaining access.
ICET's Executive Board provides another unique advantage to technology developers with its strong user component:
This is balanced by an equally strong stakeholder group:
ICET's Executive Board ensures that key users are apprised of favorable test results quickly. The stakeholder members of the Board can facilitate multi-state permitting of new technologies, and provide very wide exposure nationwide.
ICET can act as a unique bridge between the sites and yourself as a technology provider. ICET's Director and staff have worked with the waste management organizations at every major DOE site. We know their needs and can help you decide which sites to approach.
ICET has a unique combination of capabilities to provide performance data. ICET's instrumentation and testing facilities are a unique combination ideally suited for providing performance data for new technologies. Other facilities have some of one or the other, but ICET's concentration of both capabilities makes it the choice most likely to get all of the data you need. If it would be better to test your technology at some other location, either a DOE site or your own location for example, we can take our instrumentation and test personnel wherever they are needed.
ICET's ability to support testing wherever needed can assist in obtaining cost data. ICET has conducted testing in a wide variety of environments away from MSU. These include radioactive facilities (ANL-W), high temperature environments (UTSI), and other DOE and industrial facilities. ICET can carry out or assist in testing at the DOE sites, and gain meaningful cost data in that manner.
ICET's motto is fast, flexible, and focused. We are fast to respond, flexible in supporting you as a developer, and focused on expediting the implementation of new technologies.
Two-Color Pyrometer (surface temperature and emissivity)
Multi-Wavelength Pyrometer (surface temperature and emissivity)
Multi-Color Imaging System (thermal images)
Atomic Emission/Absorption System (time-resolved temperature, atomic density)
Two-Color Laser Transmissometer (average particle size and particle number density)
Laser Doppler Velocimeter (local velocity, velocity profile and turbulence level)
Cross Correlation System (flow velocity)
Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy System (local temperature, temperature profile)
Intrusive Probe System (wall and gas temperature)
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (chemical analysis, temperature and particle size distribution)
Multi-Purpose Imaging System (species concentration profiles)
Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (heavy metal monitor)
Differential Absorption Laser Spectroscopy (species concentration)
Laser Optogalvanic Spectroscopy (selected metal concentration)
Gas Analysis System (chemical analysis of gas streams)
Gas Chromatography (chemical analysis)
Real Time Combustion Controller (control stoichiometry)
Shear Ultrasound Reflection Viscometer (viscosity and temperature of molten materials)
Plasma Torch Electrode Health Monitor (status of electrode)
Inductively Coupled Plasma System (metals monitor)
Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy System (under development - heavy metals and chemical species)
Non-Destructive Evaluation Using Conventional or Laser-Based Ultrasound (material and defect characterization)
TEST & EVALUATION EQUIPMENT LIST
Combustion test stand: diesel or gas fired facility with a 50.0 to 200.0 ACFM input flow rate, used for simulation of various process streams, instrument development, instrument testing, APCS testing.
Air-inductively coupled plasma spectrophotometer for quantification of RCRA metals concentrations in off-gases.
Laser Doppler velocimeter for measuring gas and liquid velocities using flow tracer particles.
Fiber-based infrared pyrometer for measuring surface temperatures.
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, both extractive (EPA protocol) and emission (on-line process evaluation).
Two-color laser transmissometer (using primary calibration from EPA Method 5 according to the MACT rules).
Cascade impactor for quantifying particle size distribution and concentration with very high resolution.
Several stack samplers for conducting EPA Method 5 for determination of particle concentrations, and EPA Method 29 for multiple metals concentrations in off-gases.
High-volume ambient air impactor for measuring particle distributions present in ambient air.
Dual NOx/ NO2 analyzer for conducting EPA Method 7E. (L.O.D. 1.0 ppm). Equipped with an NO2 generator.
Several dual CO/CO2 analyzers for conducting EPA Method 10. (L.O.D. 0.1 ppm).
SO2 analyzer for quantitative
Several oxygen analyzers for quantitative detection of oxygen in off-gases. (L.O.D. 0.1%).
Hydrocarbon analyzers for quantitative detection of combustibles for area or flow monitoring. (L.O.D. 0.025%).
Total hydrocarbon analyzer for quantitative detection of combustibles and all other hydrocarbons. (L.O.D. 1ppb; reported as methane).
Dynamic gas calibrator for mixing calibration gases.
Gas chromatograph for quantification of concentrations of a wide range of analytes having molecular weights of approximately <350 g/mol.
Gas chromatograph/ion trap mass spectrometer for high resolution detection of minute quantities of a wide range of molecules having molecular weights of approximately <500 g/mol.
Other applicable equipment: Nafion gas dryers, HEPA particle filters, heated traced gas sample lines, diaphragm sample pumps, etc.
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